Abstract: The main argument of the article is to overcome container thinking in historical and actual comparative media and communication research. For this a transcultural semantic of comparative research is conceptualised as well as its practical application.
Abstract: This article argues that an approach focused on the historical transformation of journalistic routines and textual forms makes it possible to overcome a confinement to national histories. This kind of suty focuses on the transfer of norms, practices and forms, and their adaptation in national contexts. It has an eye for dissimilarities regarding the pace and content of transformations between and within countries. It emphasizes transnational contacts, networks and patterns and underlines intertwining national and transnational developments.
Abstract: The League of Nations Assembly passed a resolution in September 1931 to consult the press about the “spread of alse information which may threaten to disturb the peace or the good understanding between nations.” By September 1932, 16 nations and two international associations of journalists had replied with suggestions for the Third Conference of Press Experts in Madrid in 1933. This article uses these proposals from journalists as a springboard to discuss how we can use comparative and transnational history to understand the press’s role during the interwar period. After analyzing the current methodological debates on comparative and transnational history, I address the use of both for histories of the press. How can comparative or transnational history help us to investigate the press? How can scholars think about journalists’ associations and conceputalize their role within the interwar diplomatic framework? More specifically, how did the press fit into the League of Nations’ efforts towards disarmament? Ulitmately, an investigation of the two methodologies shows that we cannot class the press neatly into national boxes, but rather have to recognize the messy networks that overlapped, crisscrossed, and intersected to create those apparently national press systems.
Abstract: New, innovative ways of reporting changed newspaper form and content in Western Europe over the course of the twentieth century. In this article the changing forms of the newspaper are analyzed on three distinct levels: the national, the transnational, and finally the diachronical level. Two British and two Dutch newspapers, subdivided in those adhering to the information model (The Times and NRC Handelsblad) and the story model (Daily Mirror and De Telegraaf), were subjected to a content analysis. Three samples representative for 1925, 1965 and 2005 were analyzed. Our results show that, in contrast with general assumptions by media historians, the new journalistic routines and forms associated with the “new paradigm” were still far from established in 1925 and still greatly developed even between 1965 and 2005. Form and content of the newspapers underwent many changes, in the way they identified authors, mentioned sources, used different genres, or in their subjects of choice. A closer look at the developments shows that the styles of journalism manifest themselves transnationally, but that newspapers show national characteristics as well, especially in the Netherlands.
Abstract: The article explores aspects of Weltcommunication in the nineteenth century using the Atlantic telegraph connection as a case study. In a first step, it focuses on submarine telegraphs as a medium of communication, in a second step it deals with the telegraph as carriers of world news that fed a bourgeois public sphere. The article argues that communication “by Atlantic cable” presented itself as an elitist undertaking. Further on, considering the dispersion of world news a lengthy process of adaptation on “what is news?” was necessary before communication had caught up with its technology. Thus stages of a globalization of communication can be marked.
Christoph Jacke: Einführung in Populäre Musik und Medien. (= Populäre Kultur und Medien, Bd. 1). Münster: Lit-Verlag 2009, 361 Seiten.
– rezensiert von Christian Schwarzenegger
Nanette Rißler-Pipka, Michael Lommel & Justyna Cempel (Hg.): Der Surrealismus in der Mediengesellschaft – zwischen Kunst und Kommerz. (= Medienumbrüche, Bd. 42). Bielefeld: transcript Verlag 2010, 274 Seiten.
– rezensiert von Roland Steiner
Frank Bösch & Patrick Schmidt (Hg.): Medialisierte Ereignisse. Performanz, Inszenierung und Medien seit dem 18. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt, New York: Campus Verlag 2010, 282 Seiten.
– rezensiert von Richard Solder
Bernhard Pörksen, Wolfgang Krischke (Hg.): Die Casting-Gesellschaft. Die Sucht nach Aufmerksamkeit und das Tribunal der Medien (= edition medienpraxis, Bd. 8). Köln: Herbert von Halem Verlag 2010, 346 Seiten.
– rezensiert von Roland Steiner